A token board is a system that rewards students with a token when they demonstrate appropriate behavior or complete tasks. Students pick a desired item or activity before starting a task. When the students earns the predetermined number of tokens while doing the task, they get access to that item or activity.
For example, let’s look at a student learning how to count sets of objects. Before starting the counting activity, the student chooses “playground” from a set of options. As the student does the activity with appropriate behavior, the teacher rewards the student with tokens. Once the student gets five tokens, often coinciding with the end of the activity, the student gets access to the playground.
Token boards are one form of reinforcement, an evidence-based practice that helps students learn new ideas and behaviors.